If nobody believed in superstition it would be unable to hurt anyone


The Revelations of St. Elizabeth
translated, by Alexandra Barratt,
University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand

Here begin the visions of the blessed virgin Elizabeth, daughter of the king of
One day blessed Elizabeth, constant in private prayer, was seeking Christ her spouse with
devout mind and anxious spirit and was not finding him as she usually did. She began to
cut short her prayer and grow concerned in her heart as to what the reason could be that
her spouse was not visiting her, through the infusion of sweet consolations, as he had
been accustomed to do at other times. When she had just made up her mind silently to
have recourse to some friar for advice on this, the Virgin Mary appeared to her and said
to her, "Elizabeth, if you are willing to be my pupil, I shall be your mistress."
She replied, "Who are you, mistress, who wish to have me as your pupil and handmaid?"
The Virgin Mary replied to her, "I am the mother of the Son of the living God, whom you
have chosen as master and spouse."

Then blessed Elizabeth fell to the ground and worshipped. On bended knees she placed
her joined hands between the hands of the Virgin. 1 The blessed Virgin said once again,
"If you are willing to be my daughter, pupil, and handmaid, I shall be your mother,
mistress, and teacher. And when you have been sufficiently instructed and educated by
me, I shall lead you to your dear spouse my Son, who will receive you into his hands, as I
have just now received you." Then she began to counsel her, saying, "Avoid disputes,
quarrels, slanders and complaints. Do not lend your ears to complaints about yourself,
nor allow your heart to become heavy on their account. But bear in mind that nothing so
bad can be said of you but that something even worse could be said than what is said!"

On the next feast of the Blessed Virgin following this, on that very day the handmaid of
God, Elizabeth, was weeping most bitterly in prayer, fearing that she had not fully kept
the advice of the Virgin mentioned above. There suddenly appeared to her, not in a dream
but in a waking state, the blessed Virgin, who called her with sweet speech by her own
name and said, "Elizabeth my sweetest daughter, do not torment yourself so greatly
because you have not completely conformed to my perfection. But struggle constantly
against sin and say just once the great angelic greeting with which Gabriel, God's
messenger, greeted me, 2 and every offence shall be generously forgiven you by my Son."

In the process of time, on the day of the feast of St Scholastica, 3 the handmaid of God,
Elizabeth, was continuing steadfastly in prayer. As she prayed she was weeping most
bitterly, because she could not restrain herself from audible groans and vocal cries.
Suddenly there appeared to her the Blessed Virgin Mary, accompanied by John the
Evangelist. The Blessed Virgin said, "Elizabeth, you have chosen me as your mother,
mistress, and teacher. But I want you to draw me up a document concerning this choice
and freely-willed promise, so that you cannot go back on your decision. For that purpose
I have brought with me my Son's beloved disciple, John the Evangelist, so that if you
agree he will draw up a public document." Then blessed Elizabeth, on bended knees and
with joined hands, paid homage on the ground and said, "Do with me, my lady, as with
your handmaid, whatever you please." And she confirmed this donation with an oath.
And St John, on the instructions of the blessed Virgin Mary, drew up a public document

to this effect.

Once on the Vigil of the Nativity of Our Lord 4 while praying with great concentration,
she was reciting the Hail Mary in a loud voice, with much devotion and shedding of
tears. The Blessed Virgin appeared to her in visible form and said to her, "I have come to
teach you the prayer which I made as a young girl when I was still living in the Temple. 5
I resolutely decided in my heart that I wished to have God as father and I made up my
mind to do whatever would please him, so that I might find favour in his sight. I made
myself learn his law and all the commandments contained in it. In particular I committed
to memory three commandments, being eager to keep them with the greatest care and
with all my might. These are: 'Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all
your soul and with all your strength. Love your neighbour as yourself (Dt 6:5). Love your
friend and hate your enemy" (Lv 19:18 and Mt 5: 3). For I understood that man and angel
were good, and my enemy was the devil and, insofar as he is evil, the evil man. From that
love of God and neighbour, and from the fear and hatred of the enemy (that is, of the
devil and sin), every fulness of grace and virtue has descended to me. That love cannot
take root in the human heart unless there is there hatred of the enemy, that is, of the devil
and sin.

"If therefore you wish to obtain that love, do as I did in the Temple in my earliest youth.
For I would rise in the middle of the night and, standing before the altar with complete
concentration of mind, I would ask the Lord for his grace by which I might be able to
keep these commandments I have mentioned, and I would make seven petitions, one after
the other, in prayer before the altar.

"The first was, that he would give me his grace by means of which I should be able to
fulfill the first commandment, that is, on loving God above all things, with all my heart,
all my mind and all my strength.

"The second was, that I should be able to fulfill the second commandment, on loving my
neighbour as myself, and that he should make me love what he himself loved.

"The third was, that I should be able to fulfill the third commandment and that he should
make me hate the enemy of the human race because from him derive vice, sin, and
whatever he himself hates.

"The fourth was, that he should give me humility, patience, kindliness, gentleness and
other virtues, by which I might be made lovely in his eyes.

"The fifth was, that he should allow me to see the time when that blessed virgin should be
born who, according to the sayings of the prophets, was to bear his son; and that he
would keep safe my eyes with which I might see her, my ears with which I might hear
her speak, my tongue with which I might praise her, my hands with which I might touch
her, my feet with which I might run to her, my knees on which I might do her homage,
and see and do homage to her son lying on her lap.

"The sixth was, that he would give me grace by which I might be able to keep all the
commandments of the priests and the rules of the Temple.

"The seventh and last was that he would deign to keep safe his holy Temple and all his
own People, to serve him forever."

Having heard this, blessed Elizabeth burst out with these words: "Most excellent lady,
were you not sanctified in your mother's womb? How was it that you said these things?

Were you not free from every sin and filled with every grace?" 6

The Blessed Virgin replied, "Listen, Elizabeth. Undoubtedly, daughter, I was such as you
say. However, you should know this in truth, that at that time I considered myself vile
and wretched and unworthy of every grace of God's, just as you now consider yourself,
and even more so. And so I was always asking God that he would deign to infuse into me
his grace and strength."

Furthermore, one night Christ's handmaid, Elizabeth, had begun to meditate on how God
the Father was well pleased in the glorious Virgin while she was yet living, in that he was
willing to take flesh from her. The Blessed Virgin replied, "God did with me, my dear
daughter, as one who knows how to play the cithara or viol. For first he tunes the
instrument, so that it makes a sweet, harmonious sound; afterwards, chanting and
plucking, he makes music. In this way did God the Father first tune and adjust in me
every movement and sensation, both of body and mind. Then he touched me with the
finger of his Spirit and tuned all my words and deeds to his good pleasure.
"Frequently he would raise me, accompanied by angels, to contemplate the court of
heaven, where I would find such great solace and increase of mental sweetness that when
at length I came to myself, I was so intoxicated with love for that heavenly homeland that
I longed to embrace stones, trees, animals and all other creatures, and to serve them for
love of him who had created them. I would also long to serve all the ladies who came to

the Temple, for love of their creator, whose ineffable sweetness I was tasting.

"Therefore, daughter, when God wishes to give you some grace or consolation, you
should accept it with humility and allow him to do whatever he likes with you. You ought
not to be arrogant under the cloak of humility and say, 'Lord, why do you do these things
to me? I am not worthy', and suchlike. For just as he is most wise, so he knows what he
should do with you better than you do yourself. And the glory is his if he performs some
miracle in you, not your own."

Now it so happened that while this intimate conversation was continuing at some length,
one of Elizabeth's fellow nuns walked past the place where Christ's handmaid was
praying. Blessed Elizabeth, reproaching her soundly, said with great asperity, "Why at
this time of day did you walk across me from one side to the other?" She began almost to
threaten her with her words and gestures.

As that woman was retreating, the Blessed Virgin said to Christ's handmaid, Elizabeth,
"Daughter, how foolish and undiscriminating you still are! While you have me here with
you, you should not pay attention to anything of this world. Now therefore profit from
my presence this night. For by my son's special grace I have been sent to you so that you
may confidently ask questions and I shall tell you the truth concerning everything that
you ask. However, since you allowed your attention to wander to the action of that fellow
of yours, and you rebuked her with such lack of discretion, I wish to give you as penance
that you may not go back to bed tonight. Nor do I at present intend to reveal to you any
secrets that I would have told you if you had not affronted my dignity."

So when that night had come to an end and day had just broken, Christ's handmaid,
Elizabeth, began earnestly to lament and to be distressed by the offence which she had
offered the majesty of the glorious Virgin the night before, as recounted above. She was
very afraid that she would never be able to recover such great grace and consolation. The
Blessed Virgin replied to her silent thought, appearing to her and saying again and again,
"Do not be afraid, daughter, and do not distress yourself with any foolish uncertainty
about losing me because of your past sin; for your sin has already been forgiven you
through your penitence. And I have now come to you so that you may ask what you like,
for I am ready to answer your questions on everything, according to the promise I had

Blessed Elizabeth immediately said, "Lady, I ask you to tell me what it was that
prompted you to ask the Lord to promise, of his special grace, that you would see the
birth of that virgin from whom his son was to be born."

She replied, "One day when I had had consolation from God, more wonderful than I had
ever experienced before, and had come to myself, with most burning heart I began to
consider whether I could do something, or have something in myself, on account of
which God would permit me never to be separated from him, and this I began to strive.
And with this thought I rose up and went to a book and began to read it. And on the first
page of the book there met my eyes that text of Isaiah the prophet, 'Behold, a virgin shall
conceive …' (Is 7:14). And while I considered and meditated on how greatly virginity
pleased God, given that he wished his Son to be born of a virgin, in my heart I resolved at
once to preserve my own virginity out of reverence for her and, if I should chance to live
to see her, to serve her in virginity all the days of my life, wandering with her, if
necessary, through the whole world.

"After this, therefore, on the following night, while I was praying to God with devout
mind, asking that he would allow me to see that virgin of whom I have spoken before I
died, suddenly so great a shining light appeared before my eyes, although I was in
darkness, that the sun was nothing in comparison. And from out of that shining light I
heard a voice saying to me, 'Virgin of the stock of David, you shall bear my Son.' And it
added, 'Know with complete certainty that that honour and reverence which, out of love
for me, you longed to pay another virgin, shall be paid to you by others. I wish you to be
that virgin who is to bear my Son. And not only will you possess him through you and in
you, but in right of marriage you will be able to give him to whomsoever you please.
Anyone who has not loved you nor believed that you were the mother of my Son, who
took flesh from you for the salvation of the human race, will not have my grace or love,
nor will he enter my Son's kingdom. You alone will be able to offer to others my Son and
his grace, which you will receive from me.'

"Having heard these words I was beside myself with excessive astonishment and wonder,
and fell prostrate on my face as if dead, for I could not hold myself upright. But suddenly
God's angels were there, raising me up from the ground and strengthening me and saying,
'Fear not, for you are blessed above all women and on you has alighted God's grace,
through which can be easily fulfilled all that the Lord has said to you.' From that time
forth I did not cease, day and night, to render praise to my creator with heart, mouth, and
deed, looking forward with firm and certain confidence to the day and the hour that those
things that had been revealed to me by the Lord should be fulfilled. I used to say to
myself over and over again, 'Most kindly Lord, in that it is your pleasure to offer so great
a grace to your unworthy handmaid, I ask that you give me the spirit of your wisdom, 7
by which I may worthily conceive your Son, the creator of heaven and earth, and serve
him as he wishes. Give me the spirit of understanding, by which with enlightened mind I
may have the strength to fulfill all his will, 8 insofar as is possible in this world. Give me
the spirit of counsel, by which I may protect and guide him as is fitting while he is still
crying in his human weakness, as yet unable to speak. Give me the spirit of strength, by
which I may with courageous heart bear title of his dignity in my heart and constantly

cleave to it. Give me the spirit of knowledge, by which I may instruct all those who will
have to do with him and who will wish to imitate him. Give me the spirit of lovingkindness,
by which [I may foster] 9 his human nature and delicate constitution as shall be
fitting. Give me also the spirit of the fear of the Lord by which I may serve him with
humble mind and proper reverence. My dearest daughter, all that I asked was granted me,
as you can understand from the angelic greeting with which I was greeted by the
Archangel Gabriel." 10

On another occasion Christ's handmaid, Elizabeth, was standing in prayer and thinking
how great a grace God had done the glorious Virgin. The Blessed Virgin appeared to her
and said to her, "My daughter, you think that I had such great grace from my creator
without any effort on my part. But it was not so except for that grace of sanctification in
my mother's womb. I gained every other grace with much physical and mental effort, for
instance by praying continually day and night with most burning love, and by lamenting
with most bitter groans, and by always thinking, saying and doing whatever I believed
most pleased my creator, and with the greatest care avoiding every offence, however
trivial." She added, "You may hold it as immutable, daughter, that no influx of devotion
perfectly pleasing to God, or gift of grace or virtue, descends on the human heart, except
through devout prayer of the mind and harsh affliction of the body. For after someone has
made a perfect offering to God of body and soul, the two combined, and God has
dedicated them to his service and honour, of his grace the Lord God, the most high,
begins to make that human soul joyful to such an extent that she cannot bear it. But
through sweetness and astonishment she is rendered incapable, like a man drunk on sweet
and potent wine who is beside himself and because of the weakness of his head cannot
bear it.

"And then that soul recognises that she has done nothing pleasing to God that is superior
to such great consolations. And she thinks herself much indebted to God, and more
worthless and despicable than she had ever thought herself. But after such a soul has
come to herself, she should render praise and thanks to God with all the devotion and
affection of her mind, and should think herself unworthy of every grace, and ungrateful
for so great a blessing, and she should bewail this with much fear. And when God sees
that such a soul is always greatly humbled as a result of the gifts she has received, he is
all the more sedulous to give her gifts of graces, so much so that he fulfills, as it were, her
desire in this world, so that it seems to her that her conversation is with God in heaven
and not on earth with men and women. It also seems to her that she has a paradise within
her. This, I say, was what happened to me while I was still alive.

"When, therefore, I was completely consumed within by the love of God, and
experienced such great sweetness from him that for his sake, the whole world grew

worthless in my sight, and one day with devout mind was alone in my private chamber,
suddenly the Angel Gabriel was with me and, as the gospels say, greeted me saying,
'Hail, full of grace …' When I heard this greeting I was terrified at first, but afterwards I
was comforted and reassured by his friendly and loving conversation, not doubting that
the message he brought was true. I flung myself on the ground and on bended knees with
joined hands I worshipped and said, 'Behold the handmaid of the Lord,' and so on.
Having said this, I was immediately rapt in ecstasy. Divine grace flooded me in such
fulness that I experienced great sweetness and consolation in my soul. And in that rapture
the Son took flesh from my purest blood, without any thought or carnal pleasure on my

"The principal reason God did me this grace was the faith and humility with which I gave
full credence to the angel's words, and humbled myself completely and yielded to the
divine will. And so he condescended to bestow on me so great a grace. So you too,
daughter, in all that God promises you or does, do not hesitate from lack of faith or resist
him, saying, 'Lord, why are you doing this to me?' But following my example say,
'Behold the handmaid of the Lord,' and so on. Even if sometimes what he promised you is
not fulfilled, or what has been bestowed on you by the Lord is taken away from you,
blame yourself and think that you have committed some offence in the sight of the divine
majesty, on account of which the divine decree has changed. Therefore anyone who
wants to obtain eternal life must obey God's commands from his heart in firm faith,
submitting himself to him through true humility and obedience, because these are the
opposites of the two sins of our first parents, Adam and Eve, who lost the grace and
dignity in which they had been created on account of pride and disobedience."

Further, on another occasion, on the Vigil of the Nativity of the Lord, the handmaid of
Christ, Elizabeth, in a lengthy and long-continued prayer, was humbly asking God with
great devotion and shedding of tears to give her the grace by which she might love him
with her whole heart. The Blessed Virgin appeared and said to her, "Who loves God with
his whole heart? Is that not you, Elizabeth?" When she was afraid to assent and say that
she loved God with her whole heart but, remaining silent throughout, made no reply at
all, the Blessed Virgin said to her, "Do you want me to tell you who loves God perfectly?
Truly, Bartholomew the Apostle loved him, as did Laurence the Martyr and John the
Evangelist and the other apostles and martyrs." She added, "Would you be willing for his
love to be flayed, grilled, and to drink poison?"

And since she did not dare either affirm or deny that she was willing to suffer these
things for the love of Christ, the Blessed Virgin said, "Truly I tell you, daughter, that if
for the love of God you are willing to be stripped of all worldly things and of the cravings
of your own will, so much so that you wished neither to possess nor to crave anything in

this world, I shall obtain for you from my son the merit which St Bartholomew has for
his flaying. And if you patiently tolerate injuries and insults, and whatever
inconveniences are inflicted on you, you will have the same merit which St Laurence has
for the grilling of his body. And when you gladly and humbly tolerate criticisms,
mockery and abuse from others, you will have the same merit that John the Evangelist
had for the drinking of poison. And if you are willing to trust me and obey me with
respect to the carrying out of all that has just been said, I shall be at your side and I shall
be with you, always helping you when it is appropriate."

Moreover, on another occasion the handmaid of Christ, Elizabeth, was praying, and in
her prayer was considering with devout mind how the Blessed Virgin used to pray,
according to her own revelation, as described before. The Blessed Virgin replied to her,
"In praying, daughter, I was acting like a man who wants to construct a beautiful fountain
from scratch. First he goes to the foothills of the mountain beneath which water wells up,
and he listens carefully to discover in which area there are streams of water flowing
through. When this has been investigated through hearing, he immediately begins to
excavate in that part of the mountain until he finds the headspring of the welling streams.
Then he channels the water to the site of the fountain. He makes the site wide, beautiful,
and sparkling clean, so that the water there will be always kept pure and bright. After
that, he constructs a wall around the fountain and sets up a stone column in the middle of
the fountain, making spouts all around it through which the water may freely flow on
every side. And the water is available for people to drink. This is what I did, spiritually

"For I went to the mountain when I carefully listened to and learnt the Law of Moses and
all the commandments of the Decalogue. Then I discovered the stream of water when,
through reading, meditating, and praying, I learnt that the headspring of all goodness was
to love God with all one's heart, all one's soul and all one's strength. Then I channelled
the water to the site of the fountain when I conceived a firm desire of loving all that God
loves, and hating all that he hates. Then I did indeed keep the water sparkling clean and
bright when I was zealous to protect the desire of my heart and the emotions of my lower
nature, keeping them unharmed from all defilement of sin. Then I constructed a wall
around the fountain when I took care to protect unharmed all the virtues and especially
humility, patience, and kindliness, together with faith, hope, and charity, right to the end
of my life. Then I set up a column and inserted spouts in it when I gave myself as model
and source of help for all those who loved me and wanted to cleave to me, always ready
to stand by them and offer them the water of divine grace to drink.

"All those things, daughter, did God fulfill in me, and he gave me as a model to the entire
human race so that not a single one might be excused. For anyone who wants to follow

me and yield to my advice will find grace at my hands and salvation. And you should
know for certain, daughter, that anyone who does not love me will not be able to find
grace from my Son or, consequently, from the Holy Spirit. And so, dearest daughter, I
tell you these things so that you may learn to seek grace from God in prayer with faith
and humility, as you know that I did, from what has been said. For without prayer it is
impossible to obtain God's grace.

"However, virtues and graces are not distributed by God to all alike, because people do
not all alike know how to request from God with faith and humility in prayer, and to
protect when they do obtain them. So people ought to encourage each other in prayer, so
that one may share with another what God has given him, and may receive from others
what he does not himself have. Hence I wish, daughter, that you should pray
punctiliously not only for your own salvation but also for that of others. For by these
means shall grace be increased both for you and for others, and your prayers will be

Moreover, the handmaid of Christ, Elizabeth, was groaning in spiritual affliction for three
years because it seemed to her that she could not have her own confessor. Consequently,
whenever she wanted to make her confession, God the Father, taking pity on her
desolation, assigned her St John the Evangelist as confessor, instructing him that
whenever she wanted to confess he should himself hear her, and absolve her by his
authority. It was God's will that when she confessed to St John, she would fully call to
mind all her sins. But when she confessed to her other confessor, she could scarcely
remember what she should say, and after his absolution she did not remain happy and
joyful as she did when she confessed to St John.

It happened that one day the handmaid of Christ, Elizabeth, suffered from some accursed
woman a great and remarkable injury, by which to human eyes she seemed seriously
hurt. When at last she recovered herself, mindful that she had suffered an injury, and
inflamed by a fervent attack of charity, she turned to prayer. Praying devoutly, with
unspeakable groaning and lengthy shedding of tears, she began to petition the Most High
for the aforesaid woman and for all others from whom she had received some injury. She
broke out in these words, "Sweet and merciful Father and eternal God, you who render
good for evil, I ask that you should render to the woman who did me this injury
remarkable joy of timely consolation, so that she may rejoice. From this ought I to
rejoice, if I were your daughter."

When she had said this, suddenly a voice sounded in her ears, saying, "Elizabeth, you
have never framed any prayer that pleased me as much as this one. For this has pierced
right to the depths of my heart. And so I declare to you that all your sins are forgiven
you." And when she was enumerating one by one all those which she held in her recent
memory, saying, "I did such and such," the voice replied, "These and all others are
forgiven you."

Then she said, "You -- who are you that speak to me and forgive all my sins?" And the
voice said to her, "I am he to whose feet Mary Magdalene drew near, and went away
cleansed of every sin" (Mt 26:6–13 etc.).

Once while the handmaid of Christ, Elizabeth, was considering in prayer what she could
do that might greatly please God, she heard a voice saying to her, "Hope in the Lord and
do good and dwell in the land and you shall feed on its riches. Delight in the Lord and he
will give you the requests of your heart. Hope in him and he himself shall perform it and
he shall lead forth your righteousness as the light and your judgment as the midday sun.
Be subject to the Lord and pray to him" (Ps 36:3–7).

One day when the handmaid of Christ, Elizabeth, was persevering in prayer and was
most bitterly weeping over her sins, Jesus who is the comforter of those who mourn
appeared to her and said, "My dearest daughter, let not the memory of your sins trouble
or sadden you, for all your sins are forgiven you." And when she replied to the contrary
and said that she was convinced that if he wished to treat her with justice and not mercy,
she ought to be condemned to the pains of hell, Jesus replied and said, "My daughter,
justice has already been done to God the Father for your sins, and full satisfaction made
to him already for everything, according to the demands of justice. For if you have
offended God with all the limbs of your body, I have suffered for your sins and those of
the entire human race in all the limbs of my body. For if you have offended with your
hands and feet, my hands and my feet were fixed with harshest nails to the wood of the
cross. If you have offended with your head, my head was lacerated most painfully with
thorns. If with your eyes, my eyes were bound and covered with a blindfold. If with your
ears, my ears heard blasphemies and revolting insults. If with your tongue, my tongue
was sprinkled with strong vinegar and torn. If with your heart, my heart was pierced with
a lance. If you have offended God with your entire body, my entire body has been
scourged, so that from the soles of my feet to the top of my head there could be seen in
me no trace of wholeness (Is 1:6). You can therefore see, daughter, that suitable
satisfaction has been most justly done to God the Father for your sins. Truly, I have borne
in my heart the languors of every sin and their sorrows – I who did no sin, nor was any
guile found in my mouth" (Is 53:9).

Moreover the handmaid of Christ, Elizabeth, was praying on when suddenly with the
eyes of her mind she saw a hand 11 which had long fingers and a wide broad palm. In the
midst of the palm was a bleeding wound. She immediately understood that it was the
hand of Christ. She was wondering why it was so slender and long: immediately she was
given the answer that it was so slender because when Christ was living in the flesh,
during the night he held his hands stretched out in prayer, and during the day while
preaching the kingdom of God through the towns and villages, he toiled with his hands,
feet, and whole body.

After this she heard a voice saying to her, "Elizabeth, for the third time I say to you, your
sins are forgiven you and you have my grace." She replied to this voice, "Lord, if I am
made as holy as you say, why is it that I cannot stop myself from offending your majesty
in some way every day?" The voice said to her, "Because if you did not sometimes
offend, you would not be so humbled and consequently you would not love me so much
and you would become worse than the devils, who believe and tremble (Jas 2:19).
Therefore I have not sanctified you to such an extent that you are unable to sin. But it is
enough for you that I have given you so much grace that, rather than willingly offend me
mortally, you would allow yourself to be killed, and to die."

Having said this, Christ appeared fully to her. It seemed to her that frothing, foaming
blood flowed abundantly from his side. She began to wonder at this, and Christ said to
her, "Do not wonder, daughter, for when I was hanging on the cross, because of the
extremity of pain all my limbs were dislocated, my vital organs were shattered and my
veins opened. And so the blood from my side was abundant like this, and flowed out

All that has been said above, the handmaid of Christ, Elizabeth, asserted around the time
of her death (which took place in the year of our Lord 1231) 12 she had seen and heard.
She used to say that she had such great certainty concerning all these things that she
would rather choose death than doubt that even the smallest part of it were not true.

1 This is the standard gesture of feudal submission in the Middle Ages, with which a
vassal pledged his fealty to his feudal lord, or monks and nuns pledged loyalty to their
2 That is, the "Hail Mary."
3 10 February. Scholastica (c. 480–c. 543) was St Benedict's sister and was traditionally
regarded as the first Benedictine nun.
4 That is, Christmas Eve (December 24).
5 It was widely believed in the Middle Ages that Mary's parents had offered her to the
Temple at an early age and that she had grown up there until she reached puberty and
was married to Joseph.
6 Here Elizabeth alludes to the Immaculate Conception.
7 The seven petitions that follow are structured on the Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit,
derived from Is 11:2–3.
8 The Latin MS here reads humilitatem (i.e. humility); I have conjecturally emended it to
9 The Latin MS here reads sciencia, which must be corrupt.
10 That is, in saying "Hail Mary, full of grace," Gabriel was recognising the graces
bestowed on her.
11 The Latin MS reads magnum here, clearly a mistake for manum.
12 This was the year of St Elizabeth of Thuringia's death.

Elizabeth of Hungary tended a woman in her hospice. The woman refused to go to confession so Elizabeth gave her a beating (page 24, The Dark Box).

Her confessor was the notorious Conrad of Marburg who believed that suffering for its own sake was the only way to salvation. He encouraged Elizabeth's gruesome self-mortifications.

The above account shows that Jesus and Mary were just as bad as he was. If her visions of Jesus and Mary were real what does that say about them? There is plenty of material that could be used as evidence that Jesus and Mary really are the demons the Jews said they are.

It is interesting that during an apparition of Mary, Elizabeth was told to love her friends and hate her enemy who were are told is Satan and sin. Presumably Satan's demonic armies are to be hated as well. Mary said she kept those commandments.

How could people who harbour vindictive wishes against anybody call themselves saints? Mary even goes as far as to say that you cannot love unless you hate Satan and sin. The problem with hate is not who is hated but that you are becoming like the hateful person. It is a short step from hating Satan to hating the girl next door who makes you tempted to commit sexual sin with her.

Wanting to hurt another person for the sake of hurting is irrational. Hate necessarily goes out of control and is triggering the irrational. It is taking the risk.

Jesus tells Elizabeth that if he didn't leave her weak enough to sin every day, that she would end up worse than the devils. This is extremely cynical and is it rational to imagine that being perfect makes you worse than the devils? Mary told Elizabeth that she never ever sinned - a reference to the Immaculate Conception. This doctrine teaches that from her conception, Mary never ever sinned. So Mary must be worse then the devil then!