If nobody believed in superstition it would be unable to hurt anyone

 

FRAUDULENT TRANSLATION OF THE BOOK OF ABRAHAM
 
I commenced the translation of some of the characters or hieroglyphics, and much to our joy found that one of the rolls contained the writings of Abraham, . .
 
Joseph Smith, History of the Church, vol. 2, (Deseret Book,
1976), p. 236.
 
The case against the Book of Abraham:
 
There is no proof at all that Joseph Smith could translate Egyptian to produce the Book of Abraham. The Mormon Church simply answers that there is no proof that he could not translate it either. It says we have to take the testimony of holy people that he could.
 
The Church has documents that show the characters from the papyrus upon which Abraham supposedly wrote and used to produce the Book of Abraham are totally mistranslated. The answer the Church gives is that Smith's scribes may have taken it on themselves to put the characters in. But what if Smith did it himself? There is no evidence that scribes did it and if they did then why? Surely they would have been conferring with Smith?
 
The Book of Abraham speaks of many gods creating Heaven and Earth. There is no evidence that Christ established a polytheistic religion and that he was anything other than a hardcore believer in one God.
 
The Book of Abraham 1:12 presents Abraham as wanting you to look at the picture that was put with the scripts. As much of the picture was missing Smith simply tried to draw in the missing parts and it is proven beyond doubt that his restoration is rubbish and has nothing to do with Abraham. The Church lies that you can hold that the picture has nothing to do with religion or scripture. But you cannot believe in the Book of Abraham or Smith's ability as a prophet without it.
 
The order of creation in the book of Abraham contradicts science and is presented as literally true. The cop out used by modern Christianity that the order of creation in Genesis is poetic and not scientific or meant to be taken as serious history is not available to the Mormon.
 
_____________________
 
The Mormon Church, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints was founded in 1830 by a man called Joseph Smith who claimed to be a prophet of God. Was this man really a prophet of God? We will soon see that he wasn’t.

Joseph Smith bought some Egyptian papyri from the idolatrous Book of Breathings from an Egyptian mummy and claimed that it was the Book of Abraham and even that it had Abraham’s signature. He produced a translation of it. This translation is now regarded as infallible scripture by the Mormon Church and it is in a volume called The Pearl of Great Price. The scripture says that God told Abraham to lie about his wife meaning that we should not trust God or Mormonism and certainly not the Book of Abraham. An almighty God has no need to tell anybody to lie for he has the power to pull strings to get what he wants. No Egyptologist believes Smith had the slightest notion of how to translate Egyptian. The translation was bogus.

The papyri have been found to have been ordinary Egyptian funerary papyri and to have nothing to do with Abraham. They contain prayers and spells offered to pagan Gods. The Mormons are strictly told to avoid pagan emblems. God commanded this avoidance through Smith and yet the Church thinks these writings are God’s word! When Smith first saw the papyri he said that some of the characters were very familiar to him. He did not say why. The only answer is, is that he was saying that they looked like the characters on the golden plates. Thus he denied that the Book of Mormon was written in totally different Egyptian from that in Egypt which is an admission that he never saw the plates!

Mormons say that the papyri used by Smith was lost – a piece of wishful thinking thoroughly refuted in chapter 5, Are the Mormon Scriptures Reliable? Not surprisingly they do not bring your attention to the fact that Smith put the characters from the papyri in the margin of his manuscript so we would know what he was translating. The characters match the existing papyri, which refutes the Mormon claim. Also when the papyri was found again in the 1960s it was discovered that items drawn by Smith were included in the find. The papyri was glued to pieces of paper to help prevent them disintegrating further than they had. The drawings had many missing bits and the missing parts were filled in by very unEgyptian pictures as if somebody had been guessing what the missing parts were. The patched up drawings looked the same as the drawings associated with the Book of Abraham in the Pearl of Great Price. Some papyri was attached to a drawing of the Kirtland Temple built under Joseph Smith. There is general agreement today among Mormon and non-Mormon scholars that these are the papyri that Smith declared were the writings of Abraham. Mormons ignore the fact that the translation was a fake and pretend that there must be some other explanation. They imagine that they see parallels with ancient religious documents that Smith didn't have. They pretend that there is evidence that the Book of Abraham really dated from the time of Abraham. This is a clear case of ignoring the knife in the killers hand to argue that he was such a good person that he couldn't have committed the murder.
 
Smith translated a paragraph of several words from a character resembling three waves on the sea and did the same with all the other characters. You cannot get that many words from a single character. This has led some Mormons to lamely say that strictly speaking there was no strict translation but the figure was a symbol for the paragraph just like (A) might represent a paragraph. There were drawings with missing parts with the papyri and Smith reconstructed them. This reconstruction was certainly wrong and Smith’s translation of the writing on them is totally imaginary.

Smith thought he could see religious history in the pictures and mistook a picture of the god Osiris for Abraham in what he called Facsimile 3! Smith and his Book of Abraham (1:12) claim that Abraham’s drawing of an attempt to kill him was included. Smith’s interpretations of the drawings are wrong so the Book of Abraham was not inspired for the drawings were not done by Abraham but by an Egyptian idol worshipper for the texts honour Egyptian gods. His restoration of the missing fragments of the drawings has been refuted definitively. Despite the many documents and publications of the early Mormon Church in which Smith stated that the papyri were the actual physical work of Abraham itself, modern Mormon scholars prefer to pretend that he did not say that. Smith even claimed that a worthless grammar and alphabet he created in 1835 from the Book of Abraham was a correct guide to ancient Egyptian (History of the Church, Vol 2, page 238). This grammar, Mormons allege, was just Joseph trying to figure out how to translate the natural way. They don’t want you to realise that Smith claimed that God gave him the temporary supernatural knowledge to translate the book and that the grammar was simply writing down what he was told. If the grammar is full of error and no scholar can fail to have a good laugh at it, then Smith was not inspired by God. It is obvious that Smith could not have produced a grammar for Egyptian unless he claimed divine inspiration for nobody knew how to translate it in those days and Smith knew he was not, humanly speaking, the best person to try unless God did the work for him.

Mormons like Jeff Lindsay try to make out that the papyrus Smith used is missing and use descriptions of it from Smith’s time to prove that. But since Smith copied the characters in the margins of his manuscript to show what he was translating we can show that this is wishful thinking (page 81, Are the Mormon Scriptures Reliable?). Even if the Mormons are right that the original is missing it still does nothing to help them.

Some Mormons pretend that the original handwritten manuscript by Smith (a picture of a page of it appears on page 82, Are the Mormon Scriptures Reliable?) was just Smith preparing for the proper translation by the gift and power of God. That way they can deny that the manuscript is divinely inspired. But then how come the text of the present Book of Abraham is in it? They cannot present any incontestable proof that the manuscript is not the final product and if you are going to tolerate speculation like that you will never see the truth in anything. In the manuscript, Smith had not the foggiest notion about how to translate Egyptian

Early sources insist that Smith used the Urim and Thummim which he used in the production of the Book of Mormon to produce the Book of Abraham. When they failed him with the Book of Abraham why should we trust the translation of the Book of Mormon?

The Mormons ignore the evidence against the Book of Abraham and they say it is true because it has the marks of chiasmus – a style of Hebrew poetry. This style is not hard to replicate and it even appears in the writings of Solomon Spaulding who some believe was the author of what became the Book of Mormon. So weak evidence is preferred to what the stronger body of evidence says.

Conclusion
 
Joseph Smith was a false prophet.
 
APPENDIX FROM http://www.biblequery.org/OtherBeliefs/Mormonism/BookOfAbraham.htm
TWO VIEWS OF THE MORMON BOOK OF ABRAHAM
  
What Is It?
 
The Book of Abraham is a book in the Mormon Scripture the Pearl of Great Price. The Mormon (LDS) Church claims it is God's Scripture. Non-Mormons claim it is a fake. Who is right?
 
This paper is not meant to be pro-Mormon or anti-Mormon, but to objectively show both sides so you can make an informed decision. 
 
The Origin of the Scrolls
 
Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism and translator of the Book of Mormon, obtained some ancient Egyptian scrolls in July, 1835. Joseph stated they contained the writings of Abraham, and his divinely inspired translation of them became Mormon scripture.
 
Their Significance
 
While people back then could not read ancient Egyptian to test his claim, people today can. By comparing the scrolls with his translation, we could know whether he
1) was a miraculous translator, or
2) was a fraud, a deceitful prophet.
He must be one or the other.
 
Why Is This So Important
 
If Joseph Smith was unable to translate the Book of Abraham from ancient Egyptian, he could not translate the Book of Mormon from ancient Egyptian either. If he could not translate one, then he could not divinely translate both.
 
Assuming God did inspire Joseph Smith, then all (Mormons and non-Mormons) who want to follow the true God should believe this true prophet. Assuming Joseph Smith is a fraud, then all (Mormons and non-Mormons) who want to follow the true God must reject this con-man. Do you agree? Are you someone who wants to follow the true God?
 
To reiterate, if the Mormon Church is right, truth-lovers are compelled to join Mormonism. If the Mormon Church is wrong, then truth-lovers are compelled to reject Mormonism. May the Holy Spirit guide you to truth as you read on.
 
Non-Mormon Viewpoint
 
1) Since he tried to translate, and
2) we have the correct scrolls, and
3) we can compare the two, and
4) comparing them is laughable, and
5) the captions sound obscene,
 
Then the Book of Abraham is a fake, Joseph Smith is a fraud, and no honest, informed person should believe Mormon lies.
 
Mormon Viewpoint
 
1) If he did not try to translate, or
2) we do not have the correct scrolls,
 
Then the Book of Abraham is no barrier to all honest, informed people believing Mormon truth.
 
Let's look at each point, and then you can make an informed decision.
 
1. Joseph Smith's Words
"A Translation of some ancient Records, that have fallen into our hands from the catacombs of Egypt. -- The writings of Abraham written by his own hand, upon papyrus." Pearl of Great Price p.29.
 
A Mormon, Benjamin Urrutia, wrote that the idolatrous Egyptian scrolls might be written in secret code. Thus a pagan teaching was really written by God with secret messages for believers. To be fair, it must be said that the LDS Church has not sanctioned this view. The only "official" view the author knows of is Joseph Smith's own words.
 
2. The Right Scrolls?
Three ways we know these are the scrolls Smith tried to translate: 1) the pictures match, 2) the characters (hieroglyphs) were copied to the English originals, and 3) Joseph Smith even wrote his own Egyptian Alphabet and Grammar.
1. The pictures match and captions are the same. The only difference was a penciled in spot on picture #1 that was in ink in the BOA.
 
2. The hieroglyphs were copied to 3 of the 4 English originals. (Joseph would dictate to one to four scribes.) Of the eighty-odd Egyptian hieroglyphs on the scroll, 20, 13, and 10 hieroglyphs were written on manuscripts #1, #2, and #3. When there were gaps in the scroll 7, 6, & 6 restored hieroglyphs were added.
 
3. The church still has Joseph Smith's bound, 34-page book called Egyptian Alphabet and Grammar. The book has the hieroglyphs and a very similar English 'translation.'
 
3. Comparing Translations
 
Here is Dr. Klaus Baer's translation of the scroll. (Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought: Autumn 1968 p. 119-120.)
"Osiris shall be conveyed into the Great Pool of Khons --and likewise Osiris Hor, justified born to Tikhebyt, justified --after his arms have been placed on his heart and the Breathing Permit (which [Isis] made and has writing on its inside and outside) has been wrapped in royal linen and placed under his left arm near his heart; the rest of his mummy bandages should be wrapped over it. The man for whom this book has been copied will breathe forever as the bas of the gods do." (bas are souls.)
4. The Egyptologists' Verdict
 
Smith translated thousands of English words from about 80 hieroglyphs. Joseph said this was the writing of Abraham and the word of his god. Actually it was a variant of the Book of the Dead, a pagan Egyptian magic book filled with heathen idols, often buried with mummies.
 
Dr. Richard Parker of Brown University in a personal letter to Marvin Cowen dated Jan. 9 1968 said, "I have seen Joseph Smith's Egyptian Alphabet and Grammar. The interpretation of the signs purported to be Egyptian have no resemblance to the meaning ascribed to them by Egyptologists."
 
Dr. A.B. Mercer said 50 years ago, "Any pupil of mine who would show such absolute ignorance of Egyptian as Smith does, could not possibly expect to get more than zero in an examination in Egyptology." (Improvement Era, v.16, p.615.).
 
Dr. John A. Wilson wrote, "...as far as I am concerned I see pieces of two or possibly three different papyrii and every one of them looks like a traditional Book of the Dead." (letter Jan. 5, 1968.)
 
5. Comparing the Captions
 
Smith said these were God's scripture. Professional scholars say they are from the Egyptian Book of the Dead.
 
Part II
 
God's love is immense. Praise the Lord that we can trust him; He would never lead us down a stray path of chicanery; and if we went down the road of error ourselves, He would send His children to warn us that we can return to His love. Rejoice in God's ways. God's faithful servants would never lead people to believe a cruel hoax. Agreed?
 
Examine your ways; if the Most High shows you that your belief is one of integrity, well and good; but if this tract is a light exposing a trust betrayed, do not be slow in following God's truth.
 
Part I Recapped
 
In Part I, we quoted Joseph Smith's claim that he translated the Mormon Book of Abraham from ancient Egyptian scrolls. We used those papyri to test Joseph Smith's claim after making certain those were the right scrolls. It appears Joseph Smith could not translate Egyptian any better than you or I. The result is nothing less than a hoax on Joseph Smith's part. Since Joseph Smith could not translate the Egyptian scrolls how could an impostor translate the Book of Mormon, written in what was claimed to be the same language? The cover has a picture of the Egyptian text and one of the original manuscripts.
 
Mormon scholars do have several explanations. This tract will briefly outline those explanations and the reasons why they fail to be adequate. Sometimes a Mormon investigator can learn as much from Mormons' defense of a preposterous claim as they can from a Christian's godly rebuke.

I. A Mysterious Connection
 
The first category of Mormon explanations is that there is a mysterious, unknown connection with the pagan book. Adherents of this view say it does not matter what the Egyptian really says; only what Joseph Smith got out of it is important. Dr. Henry Eyring espoused this view in the Book of Abraham Symposium, April 3 1970 p. 3.
 
A variation of this was advocated by Benjamin Urrutia in Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought summer, 1969 pp.130-134. He claims that the Book of Abraham was put in secret code as the Book of Breathings so that the Egyptians would not destroy it. Later the key was lost, but Joseph Smith supernaturally translated or decoded it.
 
Both variations of the first category of answers miss a crucial implication. The source of the Book of Abraham is an occultic book. Why would scripture from the True God honor the worship of false idols? God hated the abominable gods of the Egyptians. (Ezekiel 20:8 and Jeremiah 43:12-44:6).

II. A Matter of Time
 
This theory says that before Smith got the Egyptian papyrus God gave him a vision of both a scroll and the English translation. The scroll the Mormons purchased in July 1835 was not the same scroll; Joseph mistook it for the same scroll because the pictures on each were so similar. Thus the Egyptian Alphabet and Grammar was Joseph's misguided attempt to match a true divine inspiration with his own, erroneous view of the scroll.
 
There is no evidence to support this intriguing theory. Joseph Smith's words of his Diary stand against it as well as The Documented History of the Church (DHC). The Diary refers to translating October 7 and November 14 through December 3 all in 1835. Warren Parish was hired to write for Joseph October 29, 1835. Joseph Smith's Diary has no references at all to writing a Book of Abraham before this very significant purchase. The DHC was written in 1843, but it too has corroborating evidence. its earliest mention translating a Book of Abraham is July 1835, DHC 2:238:

"The remainder of this month (July, 1835) I was continually engaged in translating an alphabet to the Book of Abraham and arranging a grammar of the Egyptian language as practiced by the ancients."
No Mormon, including Joseph Smith, has given any indication of there being a Book of Abraham prior to July 1835. While Christians claim Joseph dreamed up the Book of Abraham, Joseph never said that.
 
III. No Connection at All
 
A third explanation is to deny an connection with the pagan book. Hugh Nibley's book The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyrii postulates the Egyptian characters next to the three English manuscripts as later unauthorized additions by members who attempted to translate themselves. This can be proved false because in Egyptian Alphabet and Grammar Joseph Smith personally directed the placement of the Egyptian and the English.
 
Dr. Nibley believed the Egyptians themselves made a mistake in putting the picture next to the test. Dr. Nibley's book on page 3 says "In his edition of the Book of Breathings Pap. Louvre N.3279, J. C. Goyon warns the student that the vignettes accompanying the text 'have often only a very remote connection with the substance (le developpement) of the writing.'"
 
While connections can be remote, Dr. Nibley is trying to make his words mean that they could not even put the right picture in the right book. The different Books of the Dead have pictures very similar to this one. They have text very similar to Joseph's text. There is no reason to doubt that he first picture of the Book of Abraham was a heading of the Book of the Dead.
 
It is pointed out that the scroll does not match a description given by Oliver Cowdery later ascribed to Joseph Smith that "The record of Abraham and Joseph found with the mummies, is beautifully written on papyrus, with black and a small part red, ink, or paint, in perfect preservation." (DHC vol.2, p348 and the footnote on p360.)
 
Dr. Nibley mistakenly thought Joseph was the speaker, but according to B. H. Robert's footnote on p.350, it was actually written in a letter by Oliver Cowdery, not Joseph Smith. Besides the fact that Cowdery never claimed to be able to read the scrolls because he did not know Egyptian, he refers to the writings of Joseph as well as Abraham. Most of the other scrolls do fit this description. Since one of these was most likely Joseph Smith's Book of Joseph scroll, Cowdery's description of the whole is correct.
 
Dr. Nibley in his books made no mention of the most direct evidence, Joseph Smith's book Egyptian Alphabet and Grammar but in BYU Studies Winter 1968 p.176, here is how he dismissed it: "It was hidden and suppressed for the same reason that Brigham Young's laundry lists are hidden and suppressed, because it was nobody else's business." Does this statement sound like a sincere concern for truth?

IV. Some Amazing Parallels
 
A fourth answer in Dr. Nibley's book Abraham in Egypt are parallels he found between the Book of Abraham and various apocryphal books. The Jewish Apocalypse of Abraham is discussed the most. Though Dr. Nibley discovered eighteen parallels of phrasing, there is no mention of how different the point of both the books were. Here is how they unfold.
 
In the Mormon Book of Abraham Abraham's fathers worshipped Egyptian idols while Abraham obtained the priesthood of God. The priests in Egypt almost sacrificed Abraham because he would not bow to their idols, when God rescued him. Pharaoh imitated the true priesthood, but he could not obtain it because of his race. Chapter Two parallels Genesis, talking of Abraham's journeys from Ur to Canaan and Egypt. Chapter Three talks of the stars, and how God is near a plant named Kolob. It also speaks of the intelligences organized before the world was, Jesus' plan of salvation Lucifer's plan, and Lucifer's rebellion. Chapter Four is almost like Genesis One, except it speaks of polygods who organized the world instead of One God who created the universe. That is a brief outline, though not the full content of the Book of Abraham.
 
In the Jewish Apocalypse of Abraham, Abraham never set foot in Egypt in the entire story. The book begins with a clever attack on idolatry; the setting is Abraham as a boy with his father. The second part is a description of seven visions of the last judgment. There is nothing in there about a priesthood Abraham's adult life, or even Kolob. Despite the parallels Dr. Nibley has pieced together, there is no meaningful relationship between the books.
 
V. But the bible has Non-Biblical Connections
 
Some say the best defense is a good offense. A fifth rationale is the Books of Jude and First Enoch. A Mormon argued that though it is conceded the Book of Abraham was falsely taken from the Egyptian Book of the Dead, The Book of Jude has a quote by Enoch from the Jewish Book of First Enoch. So, his argument went, the situation is the same.
 
The situation has fundamental differences. At worst Jude may be accused or error in ascribing this prophecy to Enoch. No one can compare Jude's sentence with taking the scripture of alien idols making a phony translation, and honoring the idol pictures on the level of Holy Scripture.
 
Some Bible scholars say Jude's quote was an ad hominem argument like Acts 17:38 and Titus 1:12. First Enoch was a godly book know to Jews and early Christians, and they would recognize the reference as from that book.
 
Moreover, who can say Enoch did not prophecy this? First Enoch is held to have composite authorship; composite books have earlier sources. The situation is similar to Genesis and the Gilgamesh Epic, before archaeologists unearthed the Ebla tablets. While Jude's quote is not verifiable or testable; no evidence proves his quote wrong. 
 
VI. A Last Stand --A Stimulus is the Only Connection
 
A final objection a "last stand" the author has heard is this. Joseph Smith was admittedly deceived in thinking he was really translating the scrolls. Maybe though God still used the admittedly idol text to inspire Joseph. Like a burning candle could inspire a mystic's vision the scrolls were perhaps a "spark" God used to start him off.

Those who hold this view do not know the character of our Lord. The True God would not let a true prophet be deluded in inventing imaginative descriptions of the Egyptian cultic funeral scenes. smith's god guided him to his own scripture. At least Joseph though so. If the True God did not give Joseph the English translation, which God was Joseph listening to? The fruit of Smith's work glorifies Joseph's god. As long as it advances Mormonism, some do not even care that Satan was the source of the scrolls Joseph was clearly in deception and the result honors images of idols.
 
What Should We Do?
 
"Consider Abraham: 'He believed God was it was credited to him as righteousness.' Understand, then that those who believe are children of Abraham." (Gal 3:6,7) The real Abraham did not honor idol scriptures but believed God in integrity; so should you. Tell those you love the truth about the Book of Abraham. Trust in the god of this book is a trust betrayed. Seek the Truth of God.
 
If you do not yet have the joy and peace and challenges of being born again in the Spirit, you need to do this:

Repent of your desire for selfish glory, your quest for your own selfish happiness. While Mormons theologically want to become their own gods, we all at one time or another acted like little gods in our daily life. We all have thought we could exist quite nicely, away from a Master we will no longer need. You can never be your own God; our Rock will support us forever. Our pride masks the fact that all of us are broken people. Cry out for the Master Healer. We cannot be whole without Jesus' healing, given when He was wounded and broken at the cross. We will never remain whole without God's continual gift of His tree of life. Accept God's grace and turn over your entire life to Him right now. The peace and joy and challenges will be only the beginning ... of the life abundant.
 
BOOKS CONSULTED 
 
A GATHERING OF SAINTS, Robert Lindsay, Corgi, London, 1990
 
A MARVELLOUS WORK AND A WONDER, LeGrand Richards, Deseret Books, Utah, 1976
 
AN ADDRESS TO ALL BELIEVERS IN CHRIST, David Whitmer, Board of Publications of The Church of Christ with the Elijah Message, Lacy Road, Independence, Missouri
 
ARE THE MORMON SCRIPTURES RELIABLE? Harry L Ropp, IVP, Illinois, 1987
 
ASK YOUR BISHOP, Ira T Ransom, 317 W 7th South, Brigham City, UT 84302
 
CHANGES IN JOSEPH SMITH’S HISTORY, Jerald and Sandra Tanner, Utah Lighthouse Ministry, 1965
 
CHANGING OF THE REVELATIONS, Apostle Daniel McGregor, Church of Christ, Independence, Missouri
GOD’S WORD FINAL INFALLIBLE AND FOREVER, Floyd C McElveen, Gospel Truth Ministries, Grand Rapids, 1985
 
CONCISE GUIDE TO TODAY’S RELIGIONS, Josh McDowell and Don Stewart, Scripture Press, Bucks, 1983
 
HOW TO ANSWER A MORMON, Robert A Morey, Bethany House Publishers, Minnesota, 1983
 
JOSEPH SMITH AND MONEY DIGGING, Jerald and Sandra Tanner, Utah Lighthouse Ministry, 1970
 
JOSEPH SMITH’S BAINBRIDGE NY COURT TRIALS, Wesley P Walters, Utah Lighthouse Ministry, Salt Lake City, 1977
 
LARSON’S BOOK OF CULTS, Bob Larson, Tyndale, Wheaton, Illinois, 1988
 
MORMONISM SHADOW OR REALITY? Jerald and Sandra Tanner, Utah Lighthouse Ministry, 1972
 
MORMONISM, AA Hoekema, Paternoster Press, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1978
 
MORMONISM, MAGIC AND MASONRY, Jerald and Sandra Tanner, Utah Lighthouse Ministry, 1988
 
MORMONISM, MAMA AND ME, Thelma Geer, Calvary Missionary Press, Arizona, 1983
 
MORMONISM, THE PROPHET, THE BOOK AND THE CULT, Peter Bartley, Veritas, Dublin, 1989
 
NEW LIGHT ON MORMON ORIGINS, Rev Wesley P Walters, Utah Christian Tract Society, 1967
 
NO MAN KNOWS MY HISTORY, Fawn M Brodie, Vintage, New York, 1995
 
SOME MODERN FAITHS, Maurice C Burrell and J Stafford Wright, IVP, Leics, 1988
 
THE BOOK OF COMMANDMENTS, Church of Christ, Temple Lot, Independence, Missouri, 1995
 
THE BOOK OF MORMON, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Deseret Enterprises Ltd, Manchester, UK, 1972
 
THE CASE AGAINST MORMONISM, VOL 2, Jerald and Sandra Tanner, Utah Lighthouse Ministry, 1968  
 
THE FACTS OF MORMONISM ARE STRANGER THAN FICTION, Charles Crane and J Edward Decker, Christian Information Outreach, Kent, 1982
 
THE HUMAN ORIGIN OF THE BOOK OF MORMON, Wesley P Walters, Ex-Mormons for Jesus, Florida 1979
 
WHY THE CHURCH OF CHRIST WAS ESTABLISHED ANEW IN 1929?, Church of Christ with the Elijah Message, Independence, Missouri

 
THE WEB
 
www.mormonthink.com 
 
FULFILLED PROPHECIES OF JOSEPH SMITH
www.jefflindsay.com/LDSFAQ/FQ_prophecies.shtml

THE BOOK OF MORMON WITNESSES
www.exmormon.org/file9.htm
Excellent refutation of the claims of the witnesses of the Book of Mormon
 
JOSEPH SMITH AS A PROPHET by Richard Packham
www.exmormon.org/prophet.htm
Refutes the Mormon claim that Smith was a real prophet of God. The Mormons accept the validity of Ezekiel 12:21-28 which says that if a prophecy is too long in being fulfilled then it is a false prophecy. A prophecy will come true by chance given long enough. Smith made many prophecies that have not come true yet so he was a false prophet. By the same criteria, the Old Testament prophets failed and the Christian claim that they predicted Jesus and his life by the power of God is false for even if the prophecies did come true it was not God that was behind it. Doctrine and Covenants 1:37 pledges that every word prophesised by Smith will come true for God has spoken. On January 4th 1833 Smith predicted by the authority of Jesus that there were people then living who would see the twelve tribes of Israel gathered to Missouri. This never happened. Slaves did not rise up and cause a war as he predicted in Doctrine and Covenants 87. God told Smith that the communism practiced by his Church would never be done away and would still be done when he comes again (Doctrine and Covenants 104). The Mormon Church dropped the communism causing minor schisms on the basis that the Church could no longer be the true Church for doing that.
 
JERALD AND SANDRA TANNER’S DISTORTED VIEW OF MORMONISM: A RESPONSE TO MORMONISM, SHADOW OR REALITY?
www.xmission.com/~country/reason/ldshist1.htm This page shows plainly the harm that the Christian Church in general is doing with its rotten Bible for the evil commanded by God in the Bible is defended on the basis that it has a purpose known to God and this is used to justify the terrible doctrines such as polygamy that the Mormons used to live out. The page does what all apologists for religion does, ignore the major problems and nitpicks on rather minor errors in the hope of showing the critics to be not worth listening to. For example, the Tanners believed that Joseph Smith copied his father’s story of a dream he had in 1811 into the Book of Mormon as the dream of Lehi because Joseph’s mother Lucy wrote about the dream in 1845 and the two were identical in all serious points. The page says that Lucy Smith simply filled in her memory of her husband’s dream subconsciously from the Book of Mormon. But she had family and friends to help her remember. The page says that since the Book of Mormon was written first and she was writing 15 years later it is wrong to say that the author of the Book of Mormon was the one doing the copying. But how do you know? It is still most probable that the Tanners are right. If it is not then we still have no reason to take one side or the other. Anyway, what about the more serious objections to the Book of Mormon that the Tanners made? He’s nitpicking. The page says that since the Temple ceremony of the Mormons has many elements in it like Masonry that Smith did not borrow from Masonry for Masonry might have been partly divinely inspired. This denies Occam’s Razor, stick to the simplest explanation and that is that Smith stole Masonic rites. With the logic of the page you could say the book or song you got caught plagiarising was not copied on purpose but somebody must have telepathically put the words of an existing song and the music into your unsuspecting mind.

BY HIS OWN HAND ON PAPYRUS, Charles Larson
At Mormons in Transition Website www.irr.org
 
MORE PROBLEMS WITH THE FIRST VISION, ANSWERING DR CLANDESTINE, Jerald and Sandra Tanner
www.xmission.com/~country/reason/clndst10.htm

PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEMS WITH THE MORMON CONCEPT OF GOD, Francis J Beckwith,
www.equip.org/free/DM410.htm

Barry R Bickmore
www.geocities.com/Athens/parthenon/2671/EC.html
 
MORMON SCHOLARSHIP, APOLOGETICS AND EVANGELICAL NEGLECT, Carl Mosser and Paul Owen,
 www.gospelcom.net/apologeticsindex/cpoint10-2.html#mosserowen

BOOK OF MORMON QUESTIONS
www.lds-mormon.com/bookofmormonquestions.shtml

MORMONISM UNVAILED: MORE EVIDENCE THAT IT IS TRUE. Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry
 www.carm.org/lds/unveiled_defended.htm

THE ABRIDGEMENT OF D&C 137
 www.saintsalive./com/mormonism/falseprophetjs/htm

THE BOOK OF MORMON: ONE TOO MANY M’S Stephen Van Eck
 www.infidels.org/library/modern/stephen_eck/toomany.html
 
EGYPTIAN CHARACTERS
www.mormonstudies.com/seer2.htm
This shows that when Smith translated the book of Abraham he invented hieroglyphics where there was a piece missing from the papyri. The characters Smith added make no sense to translators. Yet he translated these imaginary hieroglyphics! His mother and close associate David Whitmer spoke of Joseph copying characters of the gold plates of the Book of Mormon before he translated and that like the Book of Abraham Smith often produced two lines in the manuscript with the translation of a single character which shows that the whole Book of Mormon thing was a hoax.
 
MORMON FARMS
www.xmission.com~country/reason/farms_1.htm
by Jerald and Sandra Tanner. Gathers evidence that indicates that it was possible that Smith was insane and had manic depression.
 
DR CHARLES ANTHON RE AUTHENTICITY OF WRITING SAMPLES ALLEGEDLY COPIED FROM THE GOLDEN PLATES
www.mormonism-web.com/anthon.htm

INTERVIEW OF MARTIN HARRIS
www.xmission.com/~research/about/docum4.htm

COMMENTS ON THE BOOK OF MORMON WITNESSES: A RESPONSE TO JERALD AND SANDRA TANNER
www.mormons.org/response/bom/witnesses_Roper.htm
A ridiculous rebuttal that has been taken into account for this book and refuted.

FACTS ON THE BOOK OF MORMON WITNESSES, PART 1
 
www.irr.org/mit/bomwit1.html
Excellent refutation of the reliability of the witnesses to the Book of Mormon
 
THE STOLEN MANUSCRIPT
www.utlm.org/onlineresources/bom_early_problems/goldenbible_stolenmanuscript.htm